[APACHE DOCUMENTATION]

Module mod_auth_dbm

This module is contained in the mod_auth_dbm.c file, and is not compiled in by default. It provides for user authentication using DBM files. See the DBM user documentation.
  • AuthDBMGroupFile
  • AuthDBMUserFile

  • AuthDbmGroupFile

    Syntax: AuthDBMGroupFile filename
    Context: directory, .htaccess
    Override: AuthConfig
    Status: Extension
    Module: mod_auth_dbm

    The AuthDBMGroupFile directive sets the name of a DBM file containing the list of user groups for user authentication. Filename is the absolute path to the group file.

    The group file is keyed on the username. The value for a user is a comma-separated list of the groups to which the users belongs. There must be no whitespace within the value, and it must never contain any colons.

    Security: make sure that the AuthDBMGroupFile is stored outside the document tree of the web-server; do not put it in the directory that it protects. Otherwise, clients will be able to download the AuthDBMGroupFile unless otherwise protected.

    Combining Group and Password DBM files: In some cases it is easier to manage a single database which contains both the password and group details for each user. This simplifies any support programs that need to be written: they now only have to deal with writing to and locking a single DBM file. This can be accomplished by first setting the group and password files to point to the same DBM:

    AuthDBMGroupFile /www/userbase
    AuthDBMUserFile /www/userbase
    The key for the single DBM is the username. The value consists of

    Unix Crypt-ed Password : List of Groups [ : (ignored) ]
    The password section contains the Unix crypt() password as before. This is followed by a colon and the comma separated list of groups. Other data may optionally be left in the DBM file after another colon; it is ignored by the authentication module. This is what www.telescope.org uses for its combined password and group database.

    See also AuthName, AuthType and AuthDBMUserFile.


    AuthDBMUserFile

    Syntax: AuthDBMUserFile filename
    Context: directory, .htaccess
    Override: AuthConfig
    Status: Extension
    Module: mod_auth_dbm

    The AuthDBMUserFile directive sets the name of a DBM file containing the list of users and passwords for user authentication. Filename is the absolute path to the user file.

    The user file is keyed on the username. The value for a user is the crypt() encrypted password, optionally followed by a colon and arbitrary data. The colon and the data following it will be ignored by the server.

    Security: make sure that the AuthDBMUserFile is stored outside the document tree of the web-server; do not put it in the directory that it protects. Otherwise, clients will be able to download the AuthDBMUserFile.

    Important compatibility note: The implementation of "dbmopen" in the apache modules reads the string length of the hashed values from the DBM data structures, rather than relying upon the string being NULL-appended. Some applications, such as the Netscape web server, rely upon the string being NULL-appended, so if you are having trouble using DBM files interchangeably between applications this may be a part of the problem.

    See also AuthName, AuthType and AuthDBMGroupFile.


    The manual translated into Japanese is here.

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